Heat and Freshwater
The role of the Southern Ocean in the global heat and freshwater balance
At the 2013 Scientific Steering Committee meeting in Shanghai, China, the SOOS Steering Committee identified the top gaps in observations for each of the 6 SOOS Science Themes that should be identified as "priority observations" for the coming years. SOOS encourages the community to develop field initiatives to address these key gaps and to highlight their contribution to the international SOOS effort through SOOS endorsement or other connections.
Theme 1 Priority ObservationsSOOS has identified a list of candidates for consideration as EOVs. The SOOS physical oceanographic variables build on the efforts of GCOS-OOPC-GOOS. Air-sea flux variables have been developed through the SOOS Air-Sea Flux Task Tem and resulting workshop and have recently been approved by GCOS for inclusion in the global Essential Climate Variable (ECV) list.
Key Observation Platforms
- CLIVAR-CliC-SCAR Southern Ocean Regional Panel (SORP)
- Antarctic Sea Ice Processes and Climate (ASPeCt)
- Ocean Observations Physics and Climate Panel (OOPC)
- Antarctic Climate Change in the 21st Century (AntClim21)
- Broecker, W.S., 1997: Thermohaline circulation the Achilles heel of our climate system: Will man-made CO2 upset the current balance? Science, 278: 1582-1588.
- Clark, P.U., Pisias, N.G., Stocker, T.F. and Weaver, A.J., 2002: The role of the thermohaline circulation in abrupt climate change, Nature, 415: 863-869.
- Durack, P.J. and Wijffels, S.E., 2010: Fifty-year trends in global ocean salinities and their relationship to broad-scale warming, Journal of Climate, 23: 4342-4362.
- Gordon, A.L., 1991: Two stable modes of Southern Ocean stratification, In: P.C. Chu and J.C. Gascard (Eds.), Deep convection and deep water formation in the oceans, Elsevier Science Publishers.